Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 19, 2010


Operating principles of three kinds of

A single accounting standard for income and expenses (unity) is accomplished by .

Annualized budget (annularity) is assigned to .

Budget balance (equilibrium) through the principle of spending can not exceed revenues .

Four kinds Budget Procurement

Single market (single Market) is imported into the customs duties levied on goods .
( excluding agriculture )

Imported into a single market, tariffs on agricultural products . In this case, Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) based on the prices of agricultural products is maintained by a tax on agricultural products pursuant to offshore .

Member since 1979 are being collected from the VAT (VAT). the initial size of the European Union VAT is charged at the domestic level, but only 1% of VAT revenue . Starting in 1984 was increased to 1.4% again for 1999 were adjusted to 1% .

Of 1988 as a package (Delors PACKAGE) made by the Member State contributions paid on a percentage of GDP was 1.15% in line , in 199 to 1.2% and 1.27% in 1999, is gradually being expanded .

The contribution of Member States of the European Union accounts for more than 40% of the total budget is the largest hospital .
In addition to the Executive Committee on Competition Policy Violation companies to impose a fine the European Union’s own budget, attributable to which , the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) that is charged coal. steel products for the tax also a major fund , respectively. However, the European Coal and Steel Community Treaty The 24- day shutdown in July 2002 as a budget for Procurement was abolished.

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 19, 2010

The European Union budget item

The European Union budget item


Structural reforms ( structural funds, cohesion fund )

Joint Statement

Community Relations



EU support sincheongguk


Total amount

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

Asylum Policy

Asylum Policy

Dublin Asylum Convention 1990 den


Immigration Policy

Trevi Group


DG Justice and Home Affairs

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

Arusha Convention

Lome Convention

African Caribean and Pacific Countries(ACP)

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

Agenda 2000

Berlin European Council
24 pro


Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

European UnionRelated topics

European Union Related topics
History Timeline 1945, 1945 ? 1957, 1958 ? 1972, 1973 ? 1993, 1993 ? 1999, 1999 ? 2004, 2004 ? here
Community ECSC ( 1951-2002 ), EEC ( 1958 ? 1993 ), euratom ( 1958 – present ), Timeline

Administration Three pillars I: European Union, II: Common Foreign and Security Policy, III: Judicial cooperation in criminal matters
Organ European Parliament, European Commission, Council of Europe, The European Union Council, European Court of Justice, 1 , European Economic and Social Council
Mechanism Judicial Organization, Police Organization, Frontera tex, Environmental Protection Agency, NASA

Politics Election, Parliament constituencies, Political parties, Expansion, Integration, Foreign Relations, Military
Law Method, Competition, Copyright, Command, Bronchial, The four freedoms, Opt-outs, Procedure, Regulation, Schengen Agreement, The European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights, Treaty (Rome ? Maastricht ? Amsterdam ? Nice ? Lisbon), Improved collaboration
Geography Border, Pole, Big city, Metropolitan area, Peculiar, Area
Economy Agriculture, Budget, Monetary Union, Euro, Central Bank, Free movement of labor, Investment Banking, Investment Fund, Eurozone, Energy, Regional Development, Transportation, Galileo
Society Citizenship (Passport), Population, Education, EIT, Language, News Media, Religion, Sport, Symbol (Yureopgi, To Europe), Statistics, Daeyureop
List Board of Directors, Commands list, Big city, Member, Chair, High-rise building

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

European Charter of Basic

European Charter of Basic

European Social Charter

Social Charter

Human dignity




Civil rights

Council of Europe

European Convention on Human Rights

European Social Charter

Posted by: sanghoon kim | September 12, 2010

European Charter of Healing

European Charter of Healing

Charter of Paris for New Europe

Healing the November 1990 European Charter on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)

Charter of Paris


Protection of human rights

The resolution of ethnic issues and environmental conservation

Democracy, peace consolidation and the future for the profession .

Ideology , religion, belief , expression and freedom of association is recognized human rights, democracy and the rule of law

Markets have a common goal of economic development, economic freedom and the responsibilities inherent

Urges Member States to avoid military cooperation policies and friendly relationship between

Free for members of the independent security

The significance of the reunification of Germany

The importance of the UN and the European Security and Cooperation in

Human Rights and Minority Issues

Cooperation for the protection of democratic institutions

The necessity of global economic cooperation

For the safety of European security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region

Posted by: sanghoon kim | July 9, 2010

WTO legal texts

WTO legal texts
Most of the WTO agreements are the result of the 1986–94 Uruguay Round negotiations, signed at the Marrakesh ministerial meeting in April 1994. There are about 60 agreements and decisions totalling 550 pages.

Negotiations since then have produced additional legal texts such as the Information Technology Agreement, services and accession protocols. New negotiations were launched at the Doha Ministerial Conference in November 2001.

Posted by: sanghoon kim | July 9, 2010


Notifications under the TRIPS Agreement
The TRIPS Agreement obliges the WTO Members to make certain notifications to the Council for TRIPS. These notifications facilitate the Council’s work of monitoring the operation of the Agreement and promote the transparency of Members’ policies on intellectual property protection. In addition, Members wishing to avail themselves of certain possibilities provided in the Agreement that relate to the substantive obligations have to notify the Council. In order to implement these notification obligations, the Council has adopted procedures and guidelines relating to them. In addition, the Members have agreed to make certain notifications which are not regulated in the Agreement.

Information on notifications relating to technical cooperation can be found under Technical Cooperation in the TRIPS area.
Detailed information on the notification procedures can be found in the Technical Cooperation Handbook on Notification Requirements: Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.

Search Documents Online
This link open a new window: allow a moment for the results to appear.

Technical Cooperation Handbook on Notification Requirements (Document code WT/TC/NOTIF/TRIPS/1) > search > help
You can perform more sophisticated searches from the Documents Online search facility (opens in new window) by defining multiple search criteria such as document symbol (i.e. code number), full text search or document date.

Notifications under Article 63.2 Back to top

Article 63.2 of the TRIPS Agreement requires Members to notify the laws and regulations made effective pertaining to the subject-matter of the Agreement (the availability, scope, acquisition, enforcement and prevention of the abuse of intellectual property rights). The procedures for the notification of national laws and regulations under Article 63.2 are contained in document IP/C/2. These procedures provide that, as of the time that a Member is obliged to start applying a provision of the TRIPS Agreement, the corresponding laws and regulations shall be notified without delay (normally within 30 days, except where otherwise provided by the TRIPS Council).

The procedures make a distinction between so-called “main dedicated intellectual property laws and regulations” and “other laws and regulations”. Document IP/C/2, paragraphs 6 and 9, and document IP/C/W/8 contain some guidelines for dividing the laws and regulations into these two categories. Main laws and regulations have to be notified in English, French or Spanish; other laws and regulations can be notified in a Member’s national language even if this is not one of those three languages. Translations of laws and regulations must be accompanied by the authentic texts of the laws and regulations in question in a national language.

The national treatment and MFN obligations of Articles 3, 4 and 5 of the TRIPS Agreement became applicable to all Members from 1 January 1996, including those Members that avail themselves of the transitional periods provided in Articles 65.2 and 66.1 of the Agreement. The Council for TRIPS has recognized that Members have a number of options for meeting their obligation to notify those laws and regulations that correspond to the national treatment and MFN obligations of Articles 3, 4 and 5 of the Agreement. Further information on these options can be found in document IP/C/9.

Notifications of laws and regulations under Article 63.2 are distributed in the IP/N/1/ series of documents. The documentation of main dedicated intellectual property laws and regulations is distributed in the following sub-series of documents:
IP/N/1/-/C/* Copyright and Related Rights
IP/N/1/-/T/* Trademarks
IP/N/1/-/G/* Geographical Indications
IP/N/1/-/D/* Industrial Designs
IP/N/1/-/P/* Patents (Including Plant Variety Protection)
IP/N/1/-/L/* Layout-Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits
IP/N/1/-/U/* Undisclosed Information
IP/N/1/-/I/* Industrial Property (General)
IP/N/1/-/E/* Enforcement
IP/N/1/-/O/* Other
The texts of the laws and regulations referred to in these documents are not contained in the WTO’s Documents Online database, since they have not generally been put into electronic form by the WTO Secretariat. However, as provided in Article 2(4) of the Agreement between the World Intellectual Property Organization and the World Trade Organization, the WTO Secretariat transmits to the International Bureau of WIPO a copy of the laws and regulations notified to the WTO Secretariat by WTO Members under Article 63.2 of the TRIPS Agreement in the language or languages and in the form or forms in which they were received, and the International Bureau places such copies in its paper collection. The World Intellectual Property Organization makes the laws and regulations contained in its collection available to the public in various ways, including by publishing them on-line in its Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA).

Given the difficulty of examining legislation relevant to many of the enforcement obligations in the TRIPS Agreement, Members have undertaken, in addition to notifying legislative texts, to provide information on how they are meeting these obligations by responding to a checklist of questions (document IP/C/5). Responses to these questions are circulated in the IP/N/6- series of documents.

Older Posts »